Sex Differences in Sexual Desires and Attitudes in Norwegian Samples

Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, David Schmitt, Ylva L. Fjeldavli, Siri K. Harlem

Abstract


Despite highly replicable predictable differences between the sexes on various sexual desires and attitudes, critics  of evolutionary perspectives  argue against the biological origins of such differences, highlighting cultural explanations. Critics suggest that there are no cross-cultural evolutionary predictable, systematic differences. Eagly and Wood (1999) suggest that in egalitarian cultures sex differences will be small or disappear. We tested whether Trivers’ (1972) Parental Investment Theory and Buss and Schmitt’s (1993) Sexual Strategies Theory predicted sex differences in sexuality within samples of students (N=1072) in egalitarian Norway. We expected similar interest in long-term relationships, but that females seek short-term partners  less than males. Furthermore, males were expected to have less restricted sociosexuality, fantasize more, take more initiative to sex and be less satisfied with frequency of  sex. The predictions were supported in the evolutionarily-predicted directions. Clinical consequences of claiming there are no sex differences in sexuality, when indeed they exist, are discussed

Keywords


sex desire; sex differences; Norway

Full Text: PDF

http://dx.doi.org/10.5964/ijpr.v3isupp1.67

Citing articles (via Crossref)

  • Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Trond Viggo Grøntvedt, Mehmet Mehmetoglu, Carin Perilloux, David M. Buss (2015)
    Sex and Mating Strategy Impact the 13 Basic Reasons for Having Sex
    Evolutionary Psychological Science, 1(4), p. 207(ff.)
    doi: 10.1007/s40806-015-0024-6
  • Trond Viggo Grøntvedt, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Mehmet Mehmetoglu (2015)
    Factors predicting the probability of initiating sexual intercourse by context and sex
    Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 56(5), p. 516(ff.)
    doi: 10.1111/sjop.12215
  • Todd K. Shackelford, James R. Liddle (2014)
    Understanding the mind from an evolutionary perspective: an overview of evolutionary psychology
    Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 5(3), p. 247(ff.)
    doi: 10.1002/wcs.1281
  • Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Mons Bendixen (2012)
    Sociosexuality as predictor of sexual harassment and coercion in female and male high school students
    Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(5), p. 479(ff.)
    doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.01.001
  • Rhea M. Howard, Carin Perilloux (2016)
    Is mating psychology most closely tied to biological sex or preferred partner's sex?
    Personality and Individual Differences
    doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.05.009
  • Julio González-Álvarez (2015)
    Men dissociate sexual attraction from moral judgement more than women
    International Journal of Psychology, p. n/a(ff.)
    doi: 10.1002/ijop.12228
  • Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Julia Nordeide, Silje Andreassen, Johanne Strønen, Ståle Pallesen (2011)
    Sex Differences in Jealousy: A Study from Norway
    Nordic Psychology, 63(1), p. 20(ff.)
    doi: 10.1027/1901-2276/a000025