Attachment and Intrasexual Competitiveness in Committed Individuals From Chile

Ana Maria Fernandez, José Antonio Muñoz-Reyes, Abraham P. Buunk, Paula Pavez, Oriana Figueroa

Abstract


The present research examined the association between intrasexual competitiveness (as an adaptive feature of human mating) and adult attachment dimensions (which develop throughout ontogeny and are relatively stable patterns of relationship approaching in adulthood), postulating that the dimensions of attachment will be predictive of intrasexual competitiveness (the negative perception of same sex-others as potential mating rivals), but in particular attachment anxiety should be correlated to intrasexual competitiveness. We assessed intrasexual competitiveness and the attachment dimensions (closeness, dependence, anxiety, and avoidance) in a sample of 323 adult heterosexual men and women which were currently involved in a romantic relationship and were married or in a cohabiting living arrangement. The results show the expected prediction of intrasexual competitiveness by attachment anxiety, but not by any other adult attachment dimension, suggesting that individuals who develop attachment anxiety are characterized by increased same-sex rivalry and competitiveness, which may negatively affect their same-sex close relationships, in addition to other interpersonal realms.

Keywords


working models of attachment; interpersonal relationships; same-sex rivalry; human mating

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Ainsworth, M. D. (1985). Attachments across the life span. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 61, 792–812

Attridge, M. (2013). Jealousy and relationship closeness. SAGE Open, 3, 215824401347605. doi:10.1177/2158244013476054

Barbaro, N., Holub, A., Shackelford, T. (in press). Associations of Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance with Male- and Female-Perpetrated Sexual Coercion in Romantic Relationships. Violence and Victims.

Barbaro, N., Pham, M. N., Shackelford, T. K., & Zeigler-Hill, V. (2016). Insecure romantic attachment dimensions and frequency of mate retention behaviors. Personal Relationships, 23, 605–618. doi:10.1111/pere.12146

Belsky, J. (1997). Variation in susceptibility to environmental influence: An evolutionary argument. Psychological Inquiry, 8, 82–186

Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., & Draper, P. (1991). Childhood experience, interpersonal development, and reproductive strategy: an evolutionary theory of socialization. Child Development, 62, 647. doi:10.2307/1131166

Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1: Attachment (2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.

Buunk, A. P. (2017). There is more: Intrasexual competitiveness, physical dominance, and intrasexual collaboration. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40. doi:10.1017/s0140525x16000443

Buunk, A.P., Bucksath, A.F., & Cordero,S. (2017). Intrasexual competitiveness and personality traits: A study in Uruguay. Personality and Individual Differences, 108, 171-181. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.060

Buunk, A. P., & Fisher, M. (2009). Individual differences in intrasexual competition. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 7, 37–48. doi:10.1556/jep.7.2009.1.5

Byrow, Y., Chen, N. T. M., & Peters, L. (2016). Time course of attention in socially anxious individuals: investigating the effects of adult attachment style. Behavior Therapy, 47, 560–571. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2016.04.005

Campbell, A. (1999). Staying alive: evolution, culture, and women's intrasexual aggression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 203-14. doi:10.1017/s0140525x99001818

Collins, N. L. (1996). Working models of attachment: implications for explanation, emotion, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 810–832. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.71.4.810

Collins, N. L., & Feeney, B. C. (2013). Attachment and caregiving in adult close relationships: normative processes and individual differences. Attachment & Human Development, 15, 241–245. doi:10.1080/14616734.2013.782652

Collins, N. L., Ford, M. B., Guichard, A. C., & Allard, L. M. (2006). Working models of attachment and attribution processes in intimate relationships. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 201–219. doi:10.1177/0146167205280907

Collins, N. L., & Read, S. J. (1990). Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 644–663. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.58.4.644

Del Giudice, M. (2009). Sex, attachment, and the development of reproductive strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 1–21. doi:10.1017/s0140525x09000016

Del Giudice, M. (2011). Sex differences in romantic attachment: a meta-analysis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 193–214. doi:10.1177/0146167210392789

Del Giudice, M. (2016). Sex differences in romantic attachment: A facet-level analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 88, 125–128. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.09.004

Dunkel, C. S., Lukaszewski, A. W., & Chua, K. (2016). The relationships between sex, life history strategy, and adult romantic attachment style. Personality and Individual Differences, 98, 176–178. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.04.040

Eastwick, P. W. (2016). The emerging integration of close relationships research and evolutionary psychology. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 183–190. doi:10.1177/0963721416641048

Ein-Dor, T. (2015). Attachment dispositions and human defensive behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 81, 112–116. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.033

Ein-Dor, T., & Hirschberger, G. (2016). Rethinking attachment theory: from a theory of relationships to a theory of individual and group survival. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 223–227. doi:10.1177/0963721416650684

Fernandez, A. M., & Dufey, M. (2015). Adaptation of Collins´ dimensional adult attachment scale revised to the Chilean context. Psicologia Reflexão e Crítica, 28, 213-223. doi: 10.1590/1678-7153.201528204

Fernandez, A. M., Muñoz-Reyes, J. A. & Dufey, M. (2014). BMI, age, mate value, and intrasexual competition in Chilean women. Current Psychology, 33, 435-450. doi: 10.1007/s12144-014-9221-x.

Fisher, M., & Cox, A. (2010). Man change thyself: Hero versus heroine development in Harlequin romance novels. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 4, 305–316. doi:10.1037/h0099281

Gallo, L. C., Smith, T. W., & Ruiz, J. M. (2003). An interpersonal analysis of adult attachment style: circumplex descriptions, recalled developmental experiences, self-representations, and interpersonal functioning in adulthood. Journal of Personality, 71, 141–182. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.7102003

Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511–524. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.52.3.511

Hill, A.K., Hunt, J., Welling, L.L.M., Cárdenas, R.A., Rotella, M.A., Wheatley, J.R., Dawood, K., Shriver, M.D., and Puts, D.A. (2013). Quantifying the strength and form of sexual selection on men’s traits. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 334-341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2013.05.004

Hudson, N. W., & Fraley, R. C. (2016). Adult attachment and perceptions of closeness. Personal Relationships, 24, 17–26. doi:10.1111/pere.12166

Johnson, B. N., & Bliwise, N. G. (2017). Your responses guide me: Decreased attachment anxiety through an online relationship-building paradigm. Interpersona: An International Journal on Personal Relationships, 11, 1–21. doi:10.5964/ijpr.v11i1.254

Kumar, S. A., & Mattanah, J. F. (2016). Parental attachment, romantic competence, relationship satisfaction, and psychosocial adjustment in emerging adulthood. Personal Relationships, 23, 801–817. doi:10.1111/pere.12161

Muñoz-Reyes, J. A., Fernández, A. M., Flores-Prado, L., Guerra, R., & Turiégano, E. (2015). Fighting ability influences mate value in late adolescent men. Personality and Individual Differences, 80, 46–50. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.026

Muñoz-Reyes, J. A., Gil-Burmann, C., Fink, B., & Turiegano, E. (2012). Physical strength, fighting ability, and aggressiveness in adolescents. American Journal of Human Biology, 24, 611–617. doi:10.1002/ajhb.22281

Pascuzzo, K., Cyr, C., & Moss, E. (2013). Longitudinal association between adolescent attachment, adult romantic attachment, and emotion regulation strategies. Attachment & Human Development, 15, 83–103. doi:10.1080/14616734.2013.745713

Pytlak, M. A., Zerega, L. M., & Houser, M. L. (2015). Jealousy Evocation: Understanding commitment, satisfaction, and uncertainty as predictors of jealousy-evoking behaviors. Communication Quarterly, 63, 310–328. doi:10.1080/01463373.2015.1039716

Sadikaj, G., Moskowitz, D.S., & Zuroff, D.C. (2011). Attachment-related affective dynamics: Differential reactivity to others’ interpersonal behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 905–917. doi: 10.1037/a0022875.

Selterman, D. F., & Maier, M. A. (2013). Secure attachment and material reward both attenuate romantic jealousy. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 765–775. doi:10.1007/s11031-013-9340-y

Shaver, P. R., & Mikulincer, M. (2010). New directions in attachment theory and research. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 27, 163–172. doi:10.1177/0265407509360899

Schudlich, T. D. D. R., Stettler, N. M., Stouder, K. A., & Harrington, C. (2013). Adult Romantic Attachment and Couple Conflict Behaviors: Intimacy as a Multi-Dimensional Mediator. Interpersona: An International Journal on Personal Relationships, 7, 26–43. doi:10.5964/ijpr.v7i1.107

Simpson, J. A. (2017). Evolution and relationships: The integration continues. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences, 11, 212–219. doi:10.1037/ebs0000099

Simpson, J., Kim, J., Fillo J., Ickes, W., Rholes, S., Oriña, M. & Heike A. (2011). Attachment and the management of empathic accuracy in relationship-threatening situations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37, 242–254. doi:10.1177/0146167210394368

van Brummen-Girigori, O. J., & Buunk, A. P. (2015). Does father abandonment have consequences for the reproductive strategies of girls? A study in Curaçao. Evolution, Mind and Behaviour, 13, 19-35. DOI: 10.1556/2050.2015.0002




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5964/ijpr.v13i1.326